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The United Nations Security Council and War: The Evolution of Thought and Practice since 1945

Edited by: Vaughan Lowe, Adam Roberts, Jennifer Welsh, Dominik Zaum

ISBN13: 9780199533435
Published: June 2008
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: UK
Format: Hardback
Price: Out of print
Paperback edition , ISBN13 9780199583300

This is the first major exploration of the United Nations Security Council's part in addressing the problem of war, both civil and international, since 1945. Both during and after the Cold War the Council has acted in a limited and selective manner, and its work has sometimes resulted in failure. It has not been - and was never equipped to be - the centre of a comprehensive system of collective security. However, it remains the body charged with primary responsibility for international peace and security. It offers unique opportunities for international consultation and military collaboration, and for developing legal and normative frameworks. It has played a part in the reduction in the incidence of international war in the period since 1945.

This study examines the extent to which the work of the UN Security Council, as it has evolved, has or has not replaced older systems of power politics and practices regarding the use of force. Its starting point is the failure to implement the UN Charter scheme of having combat forces under direct UN command. Instead, the Council has advanced the use of international peacekeeping forces; it has authorized coalitions of states to take military action; and it has developed some unanticipated roles such as the establishment of post-conflict transitional administrations, international criminal tribunals, and anti-terrorism committees.

The book, bringing together distinguished scholars and practitioners, draws on the methods of the lawyer, the historian, the student of international relations, and the practitioner. It begins with an introductory overview of the Council's evolving roles and responsibilities. It then discusses specific thematic issues, and through a wide range of case studies examines the scope and limitations of the Council's involvement in war. It offers frank accounts of how belligerents viewed the UN, and how the Council acted and sometimes failed to act. The appendices provide comprehensive information - much of it not previously brought together in this form - of the extraordinary range of the Council's activities.

This book is a project of the Oxford Leverhulme Programme on the Changing Character of War.

Public International Law
1. Introduction ; Vaughan Lowe, Adam Roberts, Jennifer Welsh and Dominik Zaum
Part I: The Framework
2. A Council for All Seasons: The Creation of the Security Council and Its Relevance Today ; Ed Luck
3. The Charter Limitations on the Use of Force: Theory and Practice ; Christine Gray
4. Proposals for UN Standing Forces: A Critical History ; Adam Roberts
Part II: The Roles of the Security Council
5. The Great Powers and the Security Council ; Nico Krisch
6. The Security Council, the General Assembly, and War: The Uniting for Peace Resolution ; Dominik Zaum
7. The Security Council and Peacekeeping ; Mats Berdal
8. The Security Council's Use of Economic Sanctions ; David Cortright, George Lopez, and Linda Gerber; Stellingwerf
9. The Authorization by the Security Council of Regional Arrangements to Use Force: The Case of NATO , ;Dan Sarooshi
10. The Security Council in the Post-Cold War World ; Jeremy Greenstock
Part III: Case Studies
11. The United Nations, the Security Council, and the Korean War ; William Stueck
12. The Suez Crisis and the British Dilemma at the United Nations ; Roger Louis
13. The Security Council and the Arab-Israeli Wars: Responsibility without Power ; Bruce Jones
14. The Security Council and the India-Pakistan Conflict ; Rahul Roy-Chaudhury
15. The Security Council and the Question of East Timor' ; Peter Carey with Pat Walsh
16. The Security Council and the Iran-Iraq War ; Charles Tripp
17. The Security Council and the 1991 and 2003 Iraq Wars ; James Cockayne and David Malone
18. The Security Council and the Wars in the former Yugoslavia ; Susan Woodward
19. The Security Council and the Bosnia Conflict: A Practitioner's View ; Rupert Smith
20. The Security Council and Afghanistan ; Gilles Dorronsoro
21. The Security Council and Three Wars in West Africa ; Adekeye Adebajo
22. The Security Council in the Wings: Exploring the Non-Involvement of the Security Council in Wars , ;J.P.D. Dunbabin
Part IV: The Security Council and the Changing Character of War
23. The Different Functions of the Security Council with Respect to Humanitarian Law ; Georg Nolte
24. The Security Council and Interventions with Humanitarian Purposes ; Jennifer Welsh
25. The Security Council and International Administration of War-Torn and Contested Territories ; Richard Caplan
26. The Security Council and International Law on Military Occupations ; David Scheffer
27. The Security Council and Terrorism ; Jane Boulden
28. The Security Council and the Use of Private Force ; Sarah Percy
1. UN Peacekeeping Operations, 1945 : 2006
2. UN Forces, Missions, and Institutions not Classified as Peacekeeping Operations, 1945 : 2006
3. UN-Authorized Military Operations, 1945 : 2006
4. UN-Authorized Sanctions, 1945 : 2006
5. Vetoed Security Council Resolutions, 1945 : 2006
6. Uses of the Uniting for Peace Resolution, 1950 : 2006
7. List of Armed Conflicts and Crises, 1945 : 2006