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Full Protection and Security in International Investment Law


ISBN13: 9783030248376
Published: December 2019
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Country of Publication: Switzerland
Format: Hardback
Price: £119.99



Despatched in 9 to 11 days.

This book provides a comprehensive study of the standard of 'full protection and security' (FPS) in international investment law. Ever since the Germany-Pakistan BIT of 1959, almost every investment agreement has included an FPS clause. FPS claims refer to the most diverse factual settings, from terrorist attacks to measures concerning concession contracts. Still, the FPS standard has received far less scholarly attention than other obligations under international investment law. Filling that gap, this study examines the evolution of FPS from its medieval roots to the modern age, delimits the scope of FPS in customary international law, and analyzes the relationship between FPS and the concept of due diligence in the law of state responsibility. It additionally explores the interpretation and application of FPS clauses, drawing particular attention to the diverse wording used in investment treaties, the role ascribed to custom, and the interplay between FPS and other treaty-based standards.

Besides delivering a detailed analysis of the FPS standard, this book also serves as a guide to the relevant sources, providing an overview of numerous legal instruments, examples of state practice, arbitral decisions, and related academic publications about the standard.

Subjects:
Law and Economics
Contents:
Introduction
Part I: Formation of the Standard: The Long Path to Customary International Law
'Full Protection and Security' in Historical Perspective: The Challenge of the Sources
The Origins of 'Full Protection and Security'
From Medieval Reprisals to the Age of Enlightenment
A Battle of Gunboats and Books: 'Full Protection and Security' and the Minimum Standard of Treatment in Historical Perspective
The Calm After The Storm: 'Full Protection and Security' as an Element of the Minimum Standard of Treatment
Part II: Scope of the Customary Standard
Scope of Application of the Customary Standard: Conceptual Framework
Subjective Scope of Application of the Customary Standard of 'Full Protection and Security'
Objective Scope of Application: Protected Interests and Covered Risks
Objective Scope of Application: Irrelevance of the Distinction between Physical and Nonphysical Harm
The Temporal Scope of Application of the Customary Standard of 'Full Protection and Security'
Part III: Content of the Standard
The Characterization of the Obligation to Provide 'Full Protection and Security'
Due Diligence in the International Law of Aliens: Conceptual Framework
Due Diligence in the Context of 'Full Protection and Security' Claims
Part IV. Full Protection and Security Clauses in International Investment Agreements
Protection and Security Clauses in Investment Treaties: A Typology
'Full Protection and Security' Clauses and Other Treaty Provisions
Conclusion: The Night Watchman State
Bibliography.